Zaydi tafsir of 33:33

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2 years 3 months ago #592 by Pro-Alid
Salamu alaykum,

33:33 says that Allah intends to remove the Rijs from the Ahl al-Bayt. Can you please explain how Zaydi commentators have defined the word Rijs in this ayah? It is my understanding that the word Rijs literally means “impure”, although it seems to denote a number of different metaphorical meanings - would you agree with this?

According to two Sunni tafsirs that I looked at it can mean doubt, sin and disbelief (this is according to Qurtubi). Razi also says that it can additionally mean jealousy. I cannot understand how any of these meanings would apply to the Ahl al-Kisa’ though, seeing as the ayah says “Allah wishes to remove Rijs from you” which means that Rijs was present within the Ahl al-Kisa before this ayah was revealed and we cannot say that the Ahl al-Kisa were jealous or suffered from disbelief and doubts?

Perhaps we could use the definition of sins which is what Qurtubi offers as one of its meanings within his commentary of the word Rijs on 9:125 and say that the Ahl al-Kisa committed minor sins, however, how would this prove that they were free from committing errors when it came to issues pertaining to religious knowledge which is what the Zaydi concept of infallibility entails?

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2 years 3 months ago #593 by Imam Rassi Society
wa alaykum as salaam.

Thank you for your question! As for the tafsir of Q. 33:33, our imams and scholars say that this blessed verse refers to the purification of the Ahl al-Bayt from sin. Imam Mansur Billah al-Qaasim b. Muhammad, upon him be peace, said in his ِ Al-Jawaab al-Mukhtaar:

The meaning of filth (ar-rijs) is acts of disobedience after excluding the wives from them by proof.

The author of Al-Kaashif al-Ameen, a commentary of a book of theology, says:

The meaning of filth in the verse is the filth of disobedience. The meaning of Allah's purifying them is keeping them from it as they were already pure.

So, the purifying them from sin does not necessarily imply that they were in sin from before; it can also mean to keep them from sin.

The expert linguist, Ahmed b. Yahya b. Faaris said in Al-Qaamus:

Thorough purification refers to the keeping away from sin and ugly deeds.

Therefore, even from a linguistic perspective, the verse indicates that the Ahl al-Kisaa were purified from sin and consequently infallible. We touched upon the Zaydi concept of infallibility here .

And Allah knows best!

IRS

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2 years 1 month ago #724 by Pro-Alid
Replied by Pro-Alid on topic Zaydi tafsir of 33:33
Thank you for your reply.

How have the Zaydi commentators understood the first part of 33:33 which says “And abide in your houses and do not display yourselves as [was] the display of the former times of ignorance.” - does this mean that the wives of the Prophet were never allowed to leave their homes under any circumstances? Sunnis say that they were allowed to leave out of necessity due to a hadith in Sahih al-Bukhari. What have the Zaydi ulama said about this?

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2 years 1 month ago #727 by Imam Rassi Society
Thank you for your question!

As for the command in the verse, our ulema say that the import of the verse is allegorical. That is to say that the command to {stay in your houses} is not a literal command for the wives to not leave their homes or rooms. [Ref. Ma'rifat al-Haqqaa`iq] It would be unreasonable to assume that allah was commanding them to not leave their homes. There are records in history of the wives, specifically A'isha, making Hajj or Umra after the death of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him and his progeny.

And Allah knows best!

IRS

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5 months 1 week ago - 5 months 1 day ago #965 by Mirpur Man
Replied by Mirpur Man on topic Zaydi tafsir of 33:33
Salaam on your website under Infallibility link it states that 33:33 applies only to the companions of the cloak.
But under the category answering sects it's say ahlulbayt means all descendants of Imam Hassan and Hussein.
Can it apply to both. Or is this a difference of opinion by scholars ?
www.salvationark.com/index.php?option=co...howall=&limitstart=2
Last edit: 5 months 1 day ago by Mirpur Man.

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